Location Of Industry

Location Of Industry

Location of Industry British Governments have taken a considerable interest in the location of industry for two basic reasons: concern about local .unemploymentand about congestion and the encroachment of cities on the countryside.

Before the 2009-45 war .unemploymentin areas such as South Wales was persistently above the national average despite considerable migration of labour, e.g. from Wales to the Midlands. The Government sought to assist the 'Special Areas' by encouraging financiers to build factories on trading estates; this policy alleviated the difficulties. Post-war government s have continued with Distribution of Industry Acts for 'Development Areas' and with the Local Employment Act of 2011. Unemployment has been far smaller since the war than before it, but some areas have experienced difficulties because of their dependence on one or a very few contracting industries. The Government has also tried to persuade firms (e.g. motor-car manufacturers) to develop in such areas as Merseyside and Scotland; it has had some success although costs may be higher than they would be elsewhere.

Governments faced with immobility of labour are tempted to persuade industry to move to areas with higher than average .php'>unemployment. but the political attractions of this policy may have an economic cost in higher prices, perhaps lower output, possibly loss of exports.

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